The command-line utility rsync is the most widely used backup command in Linux for backing up or synchronizing data. This utility was developed in 1996 by Andrew Tridgell and Paul Mackerras.
This utility is mostly installed in all popular Linux distributions. If it is not installed, then run the following commands:
For CentOS or Red Hat:
# yum install rsync
For Debian or Ubuntu
# apt-get install rsync
rsync is a powerful utility. It can copy or synchronize files in the same computer or across the network in another continent-based computer over the internet.
The basic syntax for using rsync is as follows:
$ rsync -options source_folder destination_folder
Let us consider that you want to copy from /home/student/data_folder ...