This is an exchange command. By using this command, we can exchange the holding buffer with the current line in the pattern buffer.
Here is an example:
$ sed -e '/Apple/h' -e '/Cashew/x' shopping.txt
The output is as follows:
Product Quantity Unit_Price Total_Cost Apple 2 3 6 Orange 2 .8 1.6 Papaya 2 1.5 3 Chicken 3 5 15 Apple 2 3 6
In this example, the line with the Apple pattern is stored in the holding buffer. When the pattern with Cashew is found, that line will be exchanged with the holding buffer.