Inspecting the environment

In R, every expression is evaluated within a specific environment. An environment is a collection of symbols and their bindings. When we bind a value to a symbol, call a function, or refer to a name, R will find the symbols in the current environment. If you type commands in the RStudio console, your commands are evaluated in the Global Environment.

For example, when we start a fresh R session in a terminal or RStudio, we start working within an empty global environment. In other words, there is no symbol defined in this environment. If we run x <- c(1, 2, 3), the numeric vector c(1, 2, 3) is bound to symbol x in the global environment. Then, the global environment has one binding that maps x to the vector c(1, 2, 3) ...

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