Selections lists are, in many ways, like radio buttons on a larger scale. Rather than filling a screen with radio buttons, a list lets you hide the options except during that critical time when you’re actually making a selection. Showing radio buttons for over 190 countries would take up a huge amount of screen real estate. Selection lists offer a much more compact but still convenient way for users to make choices.
Rails has a number of helper methods for creating selection lists, but the simplest
place to start is the
method. In its most basic form,
two arguments: the attribute that populates it and a set of choices. Choices can be
represented in a number of different ways, from a simple array of strings to a hash or other
more complex set of values.
At the time this was written, this simplest form of
select wasn’t actually documented in the Rails API docs. If you look
at the documentation for a function and it seems like it’s more complex than you
need, it’s sometimes worth experimenting to see whether a simpler form will work.
The docs often seem to give priority to more complex use cases. (As you become a guru,
you’ll likely be able to look at the Rails source code and figure it out, but
Ruby’s many options make it tricky at first.)
Using an array of strings, the call to create a selection list might look like:
<p> <b>Country</b><br /> <%= f.select (:country, ['Canada', 'Mexico', 'United Kingdom', 'United States of America'])%> </p> ...