Chapter 6. React State Management

Data is what makes our React components come to life. The user interface for recipes that we built in the last chapter is useless without the array of recipes. It’s the recipes and the ingredients along with clear instructions that makes such an app worthwhile. Our user interfaces are tools that creators will use to generate content. In order to build the best tools possible for our content creators, we’ll need to know how to effectively manipulate and change data.

In the last chapter, we constructed a component tree: a hierarchy of components that data was able to flow through as properties. Properties are half of the picture. State is the other half. The state of a React application is driven by data that has the ability to change. Introducing state to the recipe application could make it possible for chefs to create new recipes, modify existing recipes, and remove old ones.

State and properties have a relationship with each other. When we work with React applications, we gracefully compose components that are tied together based on this relationship. When the state of a component tree changes, so do the properties. The new data flows through the tree, causing specific leaves and branches to render to reflect the new content.

In this chapter, we’re going to bring applications to life by introducing state. We’ll learn to create stateful components and how state can be sent down a component tree and user interactions back up the component tree. ...

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