To install a package, log in as root and issue the following command from a shell prompt:
where package specifies the name of the file that contains the package. You can specify multiple packages, as long as you include a space to separate each package name from its neighbor. For example, the following command installs both the nano and mutt packages from files in the current directory:
rpm -ivh nano-1.2.1-4.i386.rpm mutt-1.4.1-3.i386.rpm
The options used with the rpm command include:
This option specifies that RPM should install the package or packages given as arguments.
This option specifies that RPM should
print hash marks (
#) as it installs the package as
a visible indication of progress.
The verbose option specifies that RPM should print messages that summarize its actions and progress.
Generally, RPM will successfully install the specified package. However, errors can occur. RPM may report:
That the package is already installed
That a package file conflicts with a file from another package
A failed dependency
The next three sections explain how to resolve these errors.
If a package has already been installed, RPM will not overwrite the package without your permission:
rpm -ivh bad-1.0-1.i386.rpmbad package bad-1.0-1 is already installed
If you want to overwrite the package, add the —replacepkgs option to your command:
rpm -ivh --replacepkgs bad-1.0-1.i386.rpm
It may be more appropriate to update the ...