grep() in R works exactly as it does in every UNIX-based operating system. Closely related to
grep() (in fact, R groups them together and treats them as a group of functions), various other functions can be found. In this section, only
gsub() will be examined. One thing that all these functions have in common is that they perform an action based on a string pattern. The description of the functions are as follows:
grep(): This returns the indexes of the elements in a vector that match a string pattern. If the value is set to
TRUE, it returns the values instead of the indexes.
grepl(): This returns a logical vector of the same length as the input vector, denoting whether the sought pattern was ...