Methods in Classes
A method and a function are very similar except for a couple differences (aside from scope issues):
■ A method has a reference to the object that it belongs to.
■ A method is able to use data contained within the class it belongs to.
A method is identical to a function in syntax. Type methods in Swift are similar to Objective-C class methods. A big difference between from C and Objective-C to Swift is that in Swift you can define methods on classes, structs, and enums. This gives you great flexibility and strength. In Swift you have a couple different types of methods available to you. Let’s start with instance methods.
Instance methods are likely the type of methods you will be creating most of the time. ...