When you shoot a picture, you have a number of decisions to make. You’ll make some of these decisions intuitively, but others will require more conscious deliberation. The first and most important choice for a photographer is always what to include in the image—and what to leave out. Everything else rests on this decision. It determines what your subject will be and what fragment of reality the viewer will see. The snippet of reality you choose to capture is highly subjective—photography is not, by nature, an objective medium. Your photos will rarely feature a solitary subject, and what you include with the main subject is very telling. Viewers will see all the elements in relation to one another.

Deciding what elements to include ...

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