Section 1 of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 created the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS). The CPS is a national prosecution agency for England and Wales headed by the Director of Public Prosecutions. The service is organised on an area basis, there being 13 areas and over 100 branch offices, and is responsible for the conduct of all proceedings instituted on behalf of a police force (s.3(2)). No such similar agency exists for prosecutions brought by other public agencies. The 1985 Act, at s.6, did however preserve the right for private individuals and certain statutory bodies to commence criminal proceedings. So it is that the Health and Safety Executive, the Inland Revenue and ...