Now that you have some understanding of how to create solid tones with pencil, experiment with different grades of pencils to learn how to create variations in value (the relative lightness or darkness of a color or of black). By shading (adding dark values) and highlighting (adding light values), you produce the value variations that create the illusion of depth and dimension in your drawings, making them appear realistic.


Value Charts Select a range of pencils from soft to hard (this chart uses 2B, B, HB, H, and 2H pencils). Use each pencil to create different techniques, such as linear strokes, crosshatching, and random ...

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