One of the most interesting things about drawing animals is exploring the way they interact with one another. The original photo references for this composition (on page 23) show a group of meerkats huddled together for warmth. The location of each animal is a direct result of their social standing in the group, and the warmest meerkat of all is the one at the bottom with a very smug look on its face. All the others are huddled around and on top of it, each trying to squirm its way into a warmer spot.

As well as showing animal interaction, this drawing also explores the use of dark areas of negative space to determine and enhance the overall tonal range of a work. In the photos on page 23, you’ll see that the background, eyes, ...

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