IN THIS CHAPTER
Understanding shell scripts
Executing and debugging shell scripts
Performing arithmetic in shell scripts
Using programming constructs in shell scripts
Trying simple shell scripts
You'd never get any work done if you typed every command that needs to be run on your Linux system when it starts. Likewise, you could work more efficiently if you grouped together sets of commands that you run all the time. Shell scripts can handle these tasks.
A shell script is a group of commands, functions, variables, or just about anything else you can use from a shell. These items are typed into a plaintext file. That file can then be run as a command. Most Linux systems use system initialization shell scripts during system startup to run commands needed to get services going. You can create your own shell scripts to automate the tasks you need to do regularly.
This chapter provides a rudimentary overview of the inner workings of shell scripts and how they can be used. You learn how shell scripts are responsible for the messages that scroll by on the system console during booting and how simple scripts can be harnessed to a scheduling facility (such as
at) to simplify administrative tasks.
Have you ever had a task that you needed to do over and over that took a lot of typing on the command line? Do you ever think to yourself, "Wow, I wish there was just one command I could type to do all this of this"? Maybe a shell ...