Chapter 19. Running Ubuntu Linux


  • Ubuntu bursts onto the Linux scene

  • Challenges facing Ubuntu

  • Installing Ubuntu

  • Using Ubuntu

Ubuntu Linux ( has experienced a meteoric rise in popularity since its first release at the end of 2004. Relying on a constantly expanding number of core developers and contributions from its growing legion of advocates and users, Ubuntu has become one of the most popular distributions around the world for Linux enthusiasts.

"Ubuntu" is an African word that means "humanity to others." The project pursues the meaning of its name by

  • Making the distribution freely available; in fact, the project will even mail you pressed CDs without charge, although it can take up to 10 weeks to receive them (

  • Providing support for many languages

  • Offering features to make it usable by people with disabilities

Ubuntu is based on Debian GNU/Linux but offers more focused goals than Debian. The original goals of Ubuntu were to provide a tested, easy-to-use Linux distribution with a regular release schedule (every six months), to provide support and updates for those releases for an extended period of time, and to fit this easy-to-use desktop Linux on one CD. Ubuntu now offers Desktop and Server live/install CDs, as well as an Alternate install CD to help with automated deployments, partitioning, and low-resource system installs. There are also live CDs intended for use on netbook computers which, like the other CDs, can be copied and ...

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