The protocols presented in this chapter are defined in
IEEE Standard 802.3, 1998 Edition. "Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications."
Full-duplex operation is discussed in Chapter 4 of the 802.3 standard. The MAC Control sublayer is described in Chapter 31. The PAUSE operation and the format of a PAUSE frame are described in Annex 31B.