The Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992

Our urban local governments, it is rightly alleged, have failed to achieve their twin objectives of working as primary units of democratic government and field agencies for the development and maintenance of civic services. They have also failed to meet the aspirations of the people. Their general level of administrative efficiency has been deplorably low, the standards of civic amenities have been disgusting, factionalism and groupism have been vicious, corruption has become endemic, a healthy civic sense has not evolved, right type of civic leadership has not developed, and morale has been, by and large, very low.

Further, the structure and composition of our urban local bodies has been faulty, ...

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