Municipal Councils

India has a three-level system of government: the Union, the states and local government. Earlier, the Constitution of India prescribed the legislative, administrative, and financial powers of the Union and the states only. It did not specify anything so far as local government was concerned. Local government was exclusively a state subject,1 and the structure and powers of urban local bodies were defined by the municipal laws enacted by the concerned state. The local government thus did not enjoy any constitutional status of its own but had statutory status under the state laws. The Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992, grants constitutional status to local bodies (urban) and provides for their structure, powers and functions. ...

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