Urban (Town) Planning

The process of urbanization in our country is going on at an accelerated pace. The urban population, which was 5 crores in 1947, has increased to 28.5 crores according to the 2001 census, and the number of cities with a population of more than one million (ten lakhs) has gone up from 12 in 1981 to 40 in the year 2001. During 1990, the 218 Class-I cities (with a population of more than one lakh) accounted for more than 60 per cent of the total urban population of the country. Out of 20 crore of the urban population, 12 crore lived in Class-I cities and 5 crores 60 lakhs in metropolitan cities. The unprecedented population pressure caused by population explosion and migration of people from rural to urban areas has resulted ...

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