Artificial neural networks

An artificial neural network (ANN) or simply neural network is a directed structure that connects an input layer with an output one. Normally, all operations are differentiable and the overall vectorial function can be easily written as:

Here:

The adjective "neural" comes from two important elements: the internal structure of a basic computational unit and the interconnections among them. Let's start with the former. In the following figure, there's a schematic representation of an artificial neuron:

A neuron core ...

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