CHAPTER 29 Machine Vision: Art or Science?

29.1 Introduction

We have examined how images may be processed to remove noise, how features may be detected, how objects may be located from their features, how to set up lighting schemes, how to design hardware systems for automated visual inspection, and so on. The subject is one that has developed over a period of more than 40 years, and it has clearly come a long way, but it has developed piecemeal rather than systematically. Often, development is motivated by the particular interests of small groups of workers and is relatively ad hoc. Coupled with this is the fact that algorithms, processes, and techniques are all limited by the creativity of the various researchers. The process of design tends ...

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