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Make: 3D Printing

Book Description

The 3D printing revolution is well upon us, with new machines appearing at an amazing rate. With the abundance of information and options out there, how are makers to choose the 3D printer that's right for them? MAKE is here to help, with our Ultimate Guide to 3D Printing. With articles about techniques, freely available CAD packages, and comparisons of printers that are on the market, this book makes it easy to understand this complex and constantly-shifting topic.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
    1. Personal Fabrication
    2. Who This Book Is For
    3. Contents of This Book
    4. Conventions Used in This Book
    5. Using Examples
    6. Safari® Books Online
    7. How to Contact Us
    8. Content Updates
      1. July 25, 2014
  2. I. Hardware
    1. 1. Getting Started with a 3D Printer
      1. Choosing a Printer
      2. Buying Options: Turnkey, Kit, or DIY
      3. Software
        1. Generating STL files
        2. Slice
        3. Fixup
      4. Your First Print Job
      5. 3D Printer Anatomy
        1. 3D Positioning System
        2. 3D Printer Parts
        3. Choosing a Filament
      6. Next Steps: What to Make
  3. II. Software
    1. 2. Software for 3D Printing
      1. 3D Modeling/CAD Software
      2. Slicing/CAM Software
      3. Printer Control/Client Software
      4. What Next?
    2. 3. 3D Design for the Complete Beginner
      1. 1. Create a Tinkercad Account
      2. 2. Make a Hole
      3. 3. Make the Robot Head
      4. 4. Align the Head and the Hole
      5. 5. Combine the Head and Hole into a Single Object
      6. 6. Make the Head Hollow
      7. 7. Make Your Robot’s Mouth
      8. 8. Make Your Robot’s Eyes
    3. 4. Getting Started with Slic3r
      1. Step 1: Name Your Profile
      2. Step 2: Print Settings
        1. Perimeters and Solid Layers
        2. Infill
        3. Speed
        4. The Skirt
        5. Support Material
        6. Notes and Miscellaneous Settings
        7. Advanced Settings
      3. Step 3: Filament Settings
        1. Cooling
      4. Step 4: Printer Settings
        1. Custom G-Code
        2. Extruder Settings
        3. Retraction
      5. Step 5: Return to the Plater
        1. Working with Multiple STLs
        2. Have Fun!
  4. III. 3D Scanning
    1. 5. Creating and Repairing 3D Scans
      1. What Is 3D Scanning?
        1. Limitations
      2. 123D Catch
        1. 123D Catch Tips
        2. Taking Photos with 123D Catch
        3. Getting Your 123D Mesh
      3. ReconstructMe
        1. Tips for Reconstructing Yourself (or Someone Else)
      4. Cleaning and Repairing Scans for 3D Printing
        1. netfabb
        2. Autodesk MeshMixer
        3. MeshLab
        4. Pleasant3D
      5. Repairing Most Scans
        1. Repair and Clean Up in netfabb
        2. Smoothing Out the Surface of Meshes
        3. Removing Bumps and Blobs with MeshMixer
        4. Final Cleanup/Repair in netfabb
        5. Print Your Model
      6. Repairing Relief Scans by Capping
        1. Fixing Holes, Non-Manifold Areas, and Disconnected Components
        2. Closing Large Areas of Missing Mesh
      7. Scan Your World
    2. 6. Scan-O-Tron 3000
      1. Build the Heavy-Duty Turntable
        1. Turntable Parts, Tools and Materials:
        2. Assembly:
      2. Build the Scan-O-Tron 3000 Vertical Rail for Kinect Scanning
        1. Scan-O-Tron 3000 Rig Parts, Tools and Materials:
        2. Assembly:
      3. Scan and Print Your Guests
        1. How to Pose People for 3D Printing
        2. 1. Prepare.
        3. 2. Record.
        4. 3. Reconstruct.
        5. 4. Process.
        6. 5. Share.
        7. 6. Scale in Netfabb.
        8. 7. Print!
    3. 7. Print Your Head in 3D!
      1. 1. Register with Autodesk 123D
      2. 2. Take Digital Photos of Your Head
      3. 3. Create a New Capture
      4. 4. Open Your 3D Model
      5. 5. Edit Your 3D Model
      6. 6. Make It “Watertight”
      7. 7. Embellish It (Optional)
      8. 8. Share Your Model (Optional)
      9. 9. Save Your Final Model as a Printable File (Optional)
      10. 10. 3D Print Your Head!
  5. IV. Materials
    1. 8. Plastics for 3D Printing
      1. “Rigid” Filaments
        1. Polylactic Acid (PLA)
        2. LAYWOO-D3
        3. LAYBRICK
        4. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
        5. High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)
        6. Nylon
        7. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
        8. Polycarbonate (PC)
        9. High-density Polyethylene (HDPE)
        10. Polycaprolactone PCL
        11. Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)
      2. Flexible Filaments
        1. Flexible PLA
        2. NinjaFlex
        3. Filaflex
        4. More Flexibles
    2. 9. Industrial Materials and Methods
      1. Composites and Ceramics
      2. Plastics
        1. Stereolithography (SLA)
        2. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)
        3. Photopolymer Jetting
      3. Metals
        1. Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS)
        2. Direct Metal Printing
        3. Indirect Printing Methods
  6. V. Services
    1. 10. 3D Printing Without a Printer
    2. 11. Service Providers
      1. Upload Files and Order Prints
        1. Shapeways
        2. Ponoko
        3. Sculpteo
        4. i.materialise
        5. Kraftwurx
        6. Staples (partnering with Mcor)
      2. Makers Producing Parts Locally
        1. makexyz
        2. 3D Hubs
      3. Find Me a Printer
        1. Print Chomp
      4. Professional-Grade Services
        1. ZoomRP.com
        2. RedEye
        3. 3D Factory
      5. Boutique 3DP Design and Printing
        1. 3dPhacktory
        2. Solid-Ideas
  7. VI. Finishing Techniques
    1. 12. How to Dye Your 3D Prints
      1. 1. Gather Your Materials
      2. 2. Soak Your Pieces
      3. 3. Add Color
      4. 4. Rinse
      5. 5. Dry
      6. 6. Show It Off!
    2. 13. Post-Processing Your Prints
      1. Tools and Materials
      2. Tricks of the Trade
      3. Friction Welding
      4. Friction Welding Mismatched Surfaces
        1. 1. Prepare the Rotary Tool
        2. 2. Prepare Two Parts for Welding
        3. 3. Tack-Weld the Parts in Position
        4. 4. Plug Gaps with Filament
        5. 5. Friction Weld the Seam
      5. Friction Welding to Repair a PLA Model
      6. Riveting: Friction Welding Blind Rivets
      7. Using Filament to Make Solid Rivets and Hinges
      8. Gluing and Filling: Creating ABS Slurry for Filler and Glue
      9. Sanding 3D-Printed Plastic Parts
    3. 14. Weathering Your Prints
      1. 1. Pick a BaseCoat
      2. 2. Pick a Metallic Paint for Worn Edges
      3. 3. Start Drybrushing over the Piece
      4. 4. Add Bigger Scrapes and Chipped Areas
      5. 5: Add Dirt and Grunge
      6. 6. That’s It!
  8. VII. Inspiration
    1. 15. 3D Printed Gallery
      1. Practical Objects
      2. 3D Products Now on the Market
      3. 3D Printing in Medicine
      4. Novel and Artistic Prints
    2. 16. Dream Machine
    3. 17. Desert Manufacturer
    4. 18. How I Printed a Humanoid
      1. Lessons Learned
      2. DIY vs. Commercial
      3. What’s Next
  9. VIII. Casting
    1. 19. White Chocolate Skulls in PLA Trays
      1. Bill of Materials
      2. 1. Print the Mold Maker on a 3D Printer
      3. 2. Mix and Pour the Smooth-Sil 940
      4. 3. Demold
      5. 4. Add Slits to the Mold
      6. 5. Extract the Soy Lecithin from the Softgels
      7. 6. Melt The Chocolate
        1. Bamboo Steamer + Glass Bowl
        2. Bamboo Steamer + Squeeze Bottle (Best Way)
      8. 7. Let the Chocolate Cool
      9. 8. Pour the Chocolate into the Mold
      10. 9. Put the Mold in the Refrigerator
      11. 10. While Waiting, Start Printing the Candy Trays
      12. 11. Carefully Demold the Chocolate
    2. 20. Metal Madness
      1. ABS Molds for Bismuth Alloys
      2. Lost-PLA Casting of Aluminum
      3. Sand-Casting Bronze from 3D-Printed Patterns
    3. A. 3D Printing Resources
      1. Software for Makers
        1. 3D CAD
        2. Mesh Repair and Manipulation
        3. 3D Printer Frontends
      2. Slicing Software
      3. 3D Model Repositories
        1. Free 3D Model Downloads
        2. Paid 3D Model Downloads
      4. 3D Printer History
      5. Learn to Dial in Your Printer
      6. Books
        1. Design and Modeling for 3DP
        2. 3D Printing and the Maker Movement
      7. Whitepapers
      8. 3DP News
      9. Physical Destinations
        1. Machine Access and Education
        2. Brick and Mortar Stores
      10. Printers, Filament, and Parts
      11. Conferences
  10. Index
  11. Colophon
  12. Copyright