5:Into Solid

Sintering

Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP)

Cold Isostatic Pressing (CIP)

Compression Molding

Transfer Molding

Foam Molding

Foam Molding into Plywood Shell

Inflating Wood

Forging

Powder Forging

Precise-Cast Prototyping (pcPRO®)

The transformation of a material into a solid state

This chapter deals principally with a group of processes that fall within the realm of “powder metallurgy.” This term no longer adequately describes the advanced and wide-ranging technology that exists, nor the materials. The advanced materials that are used are not always in powder form, and they include ceramics and plastics as well as metals. Processes that in the simplest terms were based on compacting metal powders into shape and then sintering the “green” ...

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