Ethical theories give advice about how people ought to be and how they ought to behave (Brady & Hart, 2007). Ethical theories state the conditions under which an action is “right” or “moral” (Moore, 2007). Most often, an ethical theory will state that behavior is right if and only if a specific condition occurs or exists. Different ethical theories offer rival accounts of the condition that must occur for behavior to be right. Some ethical theories only state what the condition is for a behavior to be “wrong.” In general, there is no one universally accepted ethical theory. Instead, there are competing versions of ethical theories.
Ethical theories have been around for a very long time, so there are many versions of and variations ...