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Management and Organization Theory: A Jossey-Bass Reader by Jeffrey A. Miles

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13

Field Theory

Field theory was characterized as early as the 1920s in the physical sciences (Maxwell, 1921). The view proposed that it was not the charges or the particles in physical matter but the field in the space between them that was essential for describing physical phenomena (Einstein & Infeld, 1938). According to Einstein, space is a definitely distributed system of forces (gravitational and electromagnetic) that determine what an object with certain properties will do.

The field of physics frequently makes use of a representation of a multitude of factors that influence an event. For example, properties such as temperature, pressure, time, and position in space must be considered. This type of representation is called a “phase space” ...

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