CHAPTER 3

Management History and Trends

Management facilitates the efforts of people in organized groups and arises when people seek to cooperate to achieve goals.

Daniel Wren, “The History of Management Thought”

KEY WORDS

Robert Owen

Charles Babbage

Daniel Craig McCallum

Henry Varnum Poor

Frederick W. Taylor

Scientific management

Operations research

Critical path method (CPM)

Computer-aided design (CAD), computer-assisted manufacturing (CAM), and computer-implemented manufacturing (CIM)

Henri Fayol’s Fourteen Principles

Human relations management

The Hawthorne Effect

Elton Mayo

Fritz Roethlisberger

Mary Parker Follett’s integrative unity

Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y

Operations research (OR)

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