Effectiveness can be determined by a number of different criteria. Table 3.1 lists some criteria that may be used; the reader will think of others. To some extent, the type of R&D organization will determine the criteria. The criteria listed in Table 3.1 are self-evident, but some comments are needed concerning the congruence of individual and organizational goals and the use of profit as a criterion.

Table 3.1. Criteria of Organizational Effectiveness in R&D Laboratories[]
CriterionMeasurement Instrument
Quantity of outputNumbers of reports, publications, new products
Quality of the workNumber of patents obtained, number of times publications of lab members are quoted, number of refereed publications per member ...

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