Individual capabilities, availability of resources to pursue research and development, and the ethos of a scientific community are all relevant to understanding inventors and innovators and the milieu in which they are likely to create and invent. The following are some ideas related to creativity and the characteristics of inventors.

3.2.1. Creativity

To invent or to innovate requires creativity. A very good account of creativity is given by Barron (1969), who discusses the majority of the tests that are available that purport to measure creativity. These tests do not specifically focus on R&D personnel; however; the attributes are those that Barron and others have discovered in their research with ...

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