Chapter 2

Earth’s Atmosphere

Abstract

The theoretical foundation for the generation of a model of the atmosphere particular to earth but extendable to other planetary atmospheres is developed. The 1976 U.S. Standard Atmosphere is used as the model of choice in this book and the equations necessary to develop the appropriate data and procedures to define the atmospheric properties over the manned spacecraft flight envelope are derived. For convenience, tables are generated from these equations and are presented in SI units and also in English engineering units because their use is still quite pervasive, especially in the background literature. Standard atmospheric models are used to provide a common basis for comparing investigations by different ...

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