Manual of Engineering Drawing, 3rd Edition

Book description

The Manual of Engineering Drawing has long been the recognised as a guide for practicing and student engineers to producing engineering drawings and annotated 3D models that comply with the latest British and ISO Standards of Technical Product Specifications and Documentation.

This new edition has been updated to include the requirements of BS8888 2008 and the relevant ISO Standards, and is ideal for International readership; it includes a guide to the fundamental differences between the ISO and ASME Standards relating to Technical Product Specification and Documentation. Equally applicable to CAD and manual drawing it includes the latest development in 3D annotation and the specification of surface texture. The Duality Principle is introduced as this important concept is still very relevant in the new world of 3D Technical Product Specification.

Written by members of BSI and ISO committees and a former college lecturer, the Manual of Engineering Drawing combines up to the minute technical information with clear, readable explanations and numerous diagrams and traditional geometrical construction techniques rarely taught in schools and colleges. This approach makes this manual an ideal companion for students studying vocational courses in Technical Product Specification, undergraduates studying engineering or product design and any budding engineer beginning a career in design.

The comprehensive scope of this new edition encompasses topics such as orthographic and pictorial projections, dimensional, geometrical and surface tolerancing, 3D annotation and the duality principle, along with numerous examples of electrical and hydraulic diagrams with symbols and applications of cams, bearings, welding and adhesives.
  • The definitive guide to draughting to the latest ISO and ASME standards
  • An essential reference for engineers, and students, involved in design engineering and product design
  • Written by two ISO committee members and practising engineers

Table of contents

  1. Brief Table of Contents
  2. Table of Contents
  3. Copyright
  4. Preface
  5. Acknowledgements
  6. Chapter 1. Drawing office management and organization
    1. Engineering drawing practices
    2. Drawing practice and the computer (CAD: Computer aided draughting and design)
    3. Why introduce BS 8888 and withdraw BS 308?
  7. Chapter 2. Product development and computer aided design
    1. Computer aided draughting and design
    2. Technical product documentation
    3. Access into the computer network
    4. Quality assurance
  8. Chapter 3. CAD organization and applications
    1. Computer and software purchase
    2. Project development
    3. Parametric design
    4. Sheet metalwork application
    5. Pipework systems
    6. Communicating design concepts
  9. Chapter 4. Principles of first and third angle orthographic projection
    1. First angle projection
    2. Third angle projection
    3. Projection symbols
    4. Drawing procedure
    5. Reading engineering drawings
    6. Projection exercises
    7. 4.1. Straight line examples
    8. 4.2. Examples involving radii and holes (Fig. 4.18)
    9. 4.3. Examples with missing lines (first angle projection) (Fig. 4.19)
    10. 4.4. Examples with missing views (first angle projection) (Fig. 4.20)
    11. 4.5. First angle projection examples with plotted curves (Fig. 4.22)
    12. 4.6. Pictorial sketching from orthographic views
    13. 4.7. Geometric solids in third angle projection
    14. 4.8. Sectional views in third angle projection
    15. 4.9. Dimensioning examples (first angle projection)
  10. Chapter 5. Linework and lettering
    1. Drawing paper sizes
    2. Presentation
    3. Types of line and their application
    4. Chain lines
    5. Coinciding lines
    6. Lettering
    7. Drawing modifications
    8. Care and storage of original drawings
  11. Chapter 6. Three-dimensional illustrations using isometric and oblique projection
    1. Isometric projection
    2. Oblique projection
  12. Chapter 7. Drawing layouts and simplified methods
    1. Single-part drawing
    2. Collective single-part drawings
    3. Assembly drawings
    4. Collective assembly drawing
    5. Design layout drawings
    6. Combined detail and assembly drawings
    7. Exploded assembly drawings
    8. Simplified drawings
    9. Machine drawing
    10. Drawing scales
    11. Scale used in geometric construction
    12. Abbreviations
  13. Chapter 8. Sections and sectional views
    1. Half sections
    2. Revolved sections
    3. Removed sections
    4. Sections through thin material
    5. Local sections
    6. Components not drawn in section
    7. Successive sections
    8. Sections in two parallel planes
  14. Chapter 9. Geometrical constructions and tangency
    1. To bisect a given angle AOB (Fig. 9.1)
    2. To bisect a given straight line AB (Fig. 9.2)
    3. To bisect a given arc AB (Fig. 9.3)
    4. To find the centre of a given arc AB (Fig. 9.4)
    5. To inscribe a circle in a given triangle ABC (Fig. 9.5)
    6. To circumscribe a circle around triangle ABC (Fig. 9.6)
    7. To draw a hexagon, given the distance across the flats (Fig. 9.8)
    8. To draw a regular octagon, given the distance across corners (Fig. 9.9)
    9. To draw a regular octagon, given the distance across the flats (Fig. 9.10)
    10. To draw a regular polygon, given the length of the sides (Fig. 9.11)
    11. Tangency
    12. To draw a tangent to a point A on the circumference of a circle, centre O (Fig. 9.13)
    13. To draw a tangent to a circle from any given point A outside the circle (Fig. 9.14)
    14. To draw an external tangent to two circles (Fig. 9.15)
    15. To draw an internal tangent to two circles (Fig. 9.16)
    16. To draw internal and external tangents to two circles of equal diameter (Fig. 9.17)
    17. To draw a curve of given radius to touch two circles when the circles are outside the radius (Fig. 9.18)
    18. To draw a curve of given radius to touch two circles when the circles are inside the radius (Fig. 9.19)
    19. To draw a radius to join a straight line and a given circle (Fig. 9.20)
    20. To draw a radius which is tangential to given straight lines (Fig. 9.21)
  15. Chapter . Loci applications
    1. Methods of drawing an ellipse
    2. The involute
    3. Archimedean spiral
    4. Right-hand cylindrical helix
    5. Right-hand conical helix
    6. The cycloid
    7. The epicycloid
    8. The hypocycloid
  16. Chapter . True lengths and auxiliary views
  17. Chapter . Conic sections and interpenetration of solids
    1. To draw an ellipse from part of a cone
    2. To draw a parabola from part of a cone
    3. To draw a rectangular hyperbola from part of a cone
    4. Interpenetration
  18. Chapter . Development of patterns from sheet materials
  19. Chapter 14. Dimensioning principles
    1. Dimensioning of features not drawn to scale
    2. Chain dimensioning and auxiliary dimensioning
    3. Parallel dimensioning
    4. Running dimensioning
    5. Staggered dimensions
    6. Dimensioning circles
    7. Dimensioning radii
    8. Dimensioning spherical radii and diameters
    9. Dimensioning curves
    10. Dimensioning irregular curves
    11. Unidirectional and aligned dimensions
    12. Angular dimensions
    13. Tapers
    14. Dimensioning tapers
    15. Dimensioning two mating tapers
    16. Dimensioning chamfers
    17. Dimensioning squares or flats
    18. Dimensioning holes
    19. Dimensioning counterbores
    20. Dimensioning countersunk holes
    21. Dimensioning spotfaces
    22. Dimensioning for manufacture
  20. Chapter . Screw threads and conventional representations
    1. Screw threads
    2. Threads for power transmission
    3. Draughting conventions associated with threads
    4. Multiple threads
    5. The application of thread conventions
    6. Tapping drill
    7. Clearance drill
  21. Chapter 16. Nuts, bolts, screws and washers
    1. Drawing nuts and bolts
    2. Approximate construction for nuts and bolts (Figs. 16.2 and 16.3)
    3. Machine screws
    4. Machine screw nuts
    5. Wing nuts
    6. Locking and retaining devices
    7. Thread-cutting screws
  22. Chapter . Keys and key ways
    1. Sunk keys
    2. Woodruff keys
    3. Dimensioning keyways (parallel keys)
  23. Chapter 18. Worked examples in machine drawing
    1. Bushed bearing bracket
    2. Drill table
    3. Cam operated clamp
    4. Plug cock
    5. 18.1. Air engine
    6. Toolbox
    7. Solution notes
  24. Chapter . Limits and fits
    1. Elements of interchangeable systems (Fig. 19.9)
    2. Unilateral and bilateral limits
    3. Bases of fits
    4. Selected ISO fits – hole basis (extracted from BS 4500)
    5. Interpretations of limits of size in relation to form
  25. Chapter 20. Geometrical tolerancing and datums
    1. Geometrical tolerances
    2. Datums
    3. Dimensioning and tolerancing non-rigid parts
  26. Chapter 21. Application of geometrical tolerances
    1. Straightness
    2. Flatness
    3. Circularity (roundness)
    4. Cylindricity
    5. Profile tolerance of a line
    6. Profile tolerance of a surface
    7. Parallelism
    8. Perpendicularity (squareness)
    9. Angularity
    10. Circular run-out
    11. Total run-out
    12. Position
    13. Concentricity and coaxiality
    14. Symmetry
  27. Chapter . Maximum material and least material principles
    1. Maximum material condition (MMC)
    2. Least material condition (LMC)
    3. Maximum material condition related to geometrical form
    4. Maximum material condition applied to straightness
    5. Maximum material condition applied to squareness
    6. Maximum material condition applied to position
    7. Maximum material condition applied to coaxiality
    8. Maximum material condition and perfect form
    9. The application of maximum material condition and its relationship with perfect form and squareness
    10. The application of maximum material condition and its relationship with perfect form and coaxiality
    11. The application of maximum material condition to two mating components
  28. Chapter 23. Positional tolerancing
    1. Theoretically exact dimensioning (TED) (true-position)
  29. Chapter 24. Surface texture
    1. Graphical symbols to indicate surface texture
    2. Expanded graphical symbols
    3. Complete graphical symbols
    4. ‘All surfaces around a workpiece’ graphical symbol
    5. Composition of complete graphical symbols for surface texture
    6. Mandatory positions for complementary requirements
  30. Chapter 25. 3D annotation
    1. Axis or median feature
    2. Projected tolerance zone
    3. Indicating a tolerance zone between two points
    4. Unilateral and unequal profile tolerance
    5. Indicating the direction of tolerance zones
  31. Chapter . The Duality Principle—the essential link between the design intent and the verification of the end product
    1. Introduction
    2. Design specification and verification
    3. Advantages of the Duality Principle
  32. Chapter 27. Differences between American ASME Y 14.5M Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD & T) and ISO/BS 8888 geometrical tolerancing, standards
    1. Applicability of standards
    2. Symbology
    3. Specification of datums
    4. Exclusion of surface texture
    5. Tolerancing principle
    6. Features-of-size
    7. Tolerance characteristics (Table 27.4)
  33. Chapter 28. Cams and gears
    1. Cam followers
    2. Cam follower motions
    3. Dimensioning cams
    4. Spur gears
    5. Spur-gear terms (Fig. 28.15)
    6. Involute gear teeth proportions and relationships
    7. Typical example using Professor Unwin's approximate construction
    8. Helical gears
    9. Bevel gears
    10. Bevel-gear terms and definitions
    11. Worm gearing
  34. Chapter 29. Springs
    1. Plain-carbon steels
    2. Alloy steels
    3. Stainless steels
    4. High-nickel alloys
    5. Copper-base alloys
    6. Compression springs
    7. Flat springs
    8. Torsion springs
    9. Leaf springs
    10. Helical extension springs
    11. Disc springs
    12. Spring specifications
    13. Wire forms
    14. Corrosion prevention
    15. Fatigue conditions
  35. Chapter . Welding and welding symbols
    1. The application of welding symbols to working drawings
    2. Dimensioning of welds
  36. Chapter 31. Engineering diagrams
    1. General engineering graphical symbols
    2. Engineered systems
    3. Heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems
    4. Refrigeration systems and energy-saving applications
    5. Pneumatic systems
    6. Pneumatics and electronics
  37. Chapter 32. Bearings and applied technology
    1. Plain bearings
    2. Ball and roller bearings
    3. Application of bearings
    4. Seals
    5. Lubrication
    6. General convention and simplified representation
  38. Chapter 33. Engineering adhesives
    1. Designing for adhesives
    2. The bond line
    3. Typical bonded joints
    4. Engineering applications
    5. Instant adhesives
    6. Structural applications
  39. Chapter 34. Related standards
    1. The British Standards Institution
    2. International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  40. Chapter 35. Production drawings
    1. Further standards for design, project and risk management of interest to engineers and manufacturers
  41. Chapter 36. Drawing solutions
  42. Index
    1. SYMBOL
    2. A
    3. B
    4. C
    5. D
    6. E
    7. F
    8. G
    9. H
    10. I
    11. J
    12. K
    13. L
    14. M
    15. N
    16. O
    17. P
    18. Q
    19. R
    20. S
    21. T
    22. U
    23. V
    24. W

Product information

  • Title: Manual of Engineering Drawing, 3rd Edition
  • Author(s): Colin Simmons, Dennis Maguire
  • Release date: March 2009
  • Publisher(s): Butterworth-Heinemann
  • ISBN: 9780080943626