CHAPTER 2Factory of the Future

2.1 Historical Development of Manufacturing Execution Systems

2.1.1 Development of Business Data Processing

In order to better understand the challenges to information technology (IT) in the factory of the future, we need to take a glance at the development of business data processing. This accompanied the rapidly growing need for information on the part of market participants.

In the 1970s, mainframe computers, which generally served a large number of users in computer centers, ruled the computer world. The main issue for companies was the conversion from manually maintained accounting systems to electronic systems. As supplements to accounting, order-processing systems with the central function of invoicing and ...

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