Chapter 4

Tackling Urban Poverty:Principles and Practice in Projectand Programme Design in Kenya


Carole Rakodi


Various lessons were learned from the sites-and-services and upgrading projects funded, primarily, by the World Bank and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) during the 1970s. The response of these agencies during the 1980s, especially in the context of the shift in economic policy towards structural adjustment policies based on neo-liberal economic theories, was to emphasize the development of wider systems for the supply of infrastructure, housing finance and land in order to enable housing and ...

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