Spring is another popular context that is used by many Java developers because it simplifies application development by offering capabilities such as dependency injection and aspect-oriented programming (AOP). Spring is a lightweight context, but it doesn't implement the JEE specifications, so it's not a Java enterprise container.


Spring used to be known simply as a context, but the current direction of Spring is, in fact, moving towards being a standalone container, so enterprise applications can be written without having to implement JEE specifications. Spring now offers a Model-view-controller framework, web services, Spring data, batch, Spring integration, and many other capabilities, which collectively make Spring a worthy competitor ...

Get Mastering Hibernate now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.