Certain programs, especially text editors and pagers, have a handy shell escape feature. This allows a user to run a shell command without having to exit the program first. For example, from the command mode of the Vi and Vim editors, someone could run the ls command by running :!ls. Executing the command would look like this:
# useradd defaults fileGROUP=100HOME=/homeINACTIVE=-1EXPIRE=SHELL=/bin/bashSKEL=/etc/skelCREATE_MAIL_SPOOL=yes~~:!ls
The output would look like this:
[donnie@localhost default]$ sudo vim useradd [sudo] password for donnie: grub nss useradd Press ENTER or type command to continue grub nss useradd Press ENTER or type command to continue
Now, imagine that you want Frank to be able ...