Bias and variance

Many metrics can be used to measure whether or not a program is learning to perform its task more effectively. For supervised learning problems, many performance metrics measure the amount of prediction error. There are two fundamental causes of prediction error: a model's bias, and its variance. Assume that you have many training sets that are all unique, but equally representative of the population. A model with high bias will produce similar errors for an input regardless of the training set it used to learn; the model biases its own assumptions about the real relationship over the relationship demonstrated in the training data. A model with high variance, conversely, will produce different errors for an input depending ...

Get Mastering Machine Learning with scikit-learn - Second Edition now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.