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Mastering Perl/Tk by Nancy Walsh, Stephen Lidie

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Installing Perl/Tk for Unix

First, create a new subdirectory for the build process, change directory into it, and download the stable Perl source distribution from the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network (CPAN), at http://www.cpan.org/src/stable.tar.gz.

Now unzip and untar the distribution. Sometimes this is a one-step process since tar (or gtar) can unzip the file automatically. In this case, you’d use a command similar to this:

% gtar -zxvpf stable.tar.gz

This creates a directory named perl-5.6.1 (or something similar). If tar cannot automatically unzip, you must unzip it manually before running tar:

% gunzip stable.tar.gz
% tar -xvpf stable.tar

Move into the new directory and type:

% sh Configure -des
% make
% make test
% make install

The previous commands configure perl with all the defaults suitable for your Unix environment, then build it, test it, and install it in the default location for your platform. You most likely have to have root privileges to do the install. Alternatively, you can install perl in your private space by changing Configure’s prefix variable:

sh Configure -des -Dprefix=/home/bug/perl

Then, perform the make as before.

Installing Tk is even easier. Ensure that your Unix path is set to include the bin directory from the perl install. In the previous example, that would be /home/bug/perl/bin.

Now download the Tk source distribution from CPAN, at http://www.cpan.org/authors/id/NI-S.

Look for the latest file whose name is of the form Tk800.0xx.tar.gz, where xx represents ...

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