In this section, we will use the Command pattern to implement the most basic file utilities:

  • Creating a file and optionally writing a string in it
  • Reading the contents of a file
  • Renaming a file
  • Deleting a file

We will not implement these utilities from scratch, since Python already offers good implementations of them in the os module. What we want is to add an extra abstraction level on top of them so that they can be treated as commands. By doing this, we get all the advantages offered by commands.

The following use case diagram shows the supported operations that a user can execute. From the operations shown, renaming a file and creating a file support undo. Deleting a file and reading the contents of a file do no support undo. Undo ...

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