List comprehension and generators

List comprehension is a special construct provided by Python to generate lists by writing in the way a mathematician would, by describing its content instead of writing about the way the content should be generated (with a classic for loop).

Let's see an example of this to better understand how it works:

#using list comprehension to generate a list of the first 50 multiples of 2
multiples_of_two = [x for x in range(100) if x % 2 == 0]

#now let's see the same list, generated using a for-loop
multiples_of_two = []
for x in range(100):
  if x % 2 == 0:

Now, list comprehension is not meant to replace for loops altogether. They are a great help when dealing with loops that, like the earlier one, ...

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