Maps and aerial photographs in hard copy have a lot of valuable data on them. When this data needs to be brought into a GIS, they are digitally scanned to produce raster imagery. The output of a digital scanner has a coordinate system, but it is a local coordinate system created by the scanning process. The scanned imagery needs to be georeferenced to a real-world coordinate system before it can be used in a GIS.
Georeferencing is the process of transforming the coordinate reference system (CRS) of a raster dataset into a new coordinate reference system. Often, the process transforms the CRS of a spatial dataset from a local coordinate system to a real-world coordinate system. Regardless of the coordinate systems involved, ...
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