Chapter 8. Inference and Data Analysis

The different techniques of descriptive statistics that we have covered in the previous chapter give us a straightforward presentation of facts from the data. The next logical step is Inference—the process of making propositions and drawing conclusions about a larger population than the sample data represents.

This chapter will cover the following topics:

  • Statistical inference.
  • Data mining and machine learning.

Statistical inference

Statistical inference is the process of deducing properties of an underlying distribution by analysis of data. Inferential statistical analysis infers properties about a population; this includes testing hypotheses and deriving estimates.

There are three types of inference:

  • Estimation ...

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