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Materials for a Healthy, Ecological and Sustainable Built Environment

Book Description

Principles for Evaluating Building Materials in Sustainable Construction: Healthy and Sustainable Materials for the Built Environment provides a comprehensive overview of the issues associated with the selection of materials for sustainable construction, proposing a holistic and integrated approach.

The book evaluates the issues involved in choosing materials from an ecosystem services perspective, from the design stage to the impact of materials on the health of building users.

The three main sections of the book discuss building materials in relation to ecosystem services, the implications of materials choice at the design stage, and the impact of materials on building users and their health. The final section focuses on specific case studies that illustrate the richness of solutions that existed before the rise of contemporary construction and that are consistent with a sustainable approach to creating built environments. These are followed by modern examples which apply some, if not all, of the principles discussed in the first three sections of the book.

  • Provides a holistic and integrated approach to the issues associated with the selection of materials for sustainable construction
  • Provides a thorough understanding of ecosystem services based on ecology research for built environment design
  • Provides an original review of the impact of materials on human health
  • Provides case studies to illustrate the points above

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of contributors
  6. Preface: A call for ontological consideration of building materials
    1. References
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Introduction
    1. References
  9. Part I: Selecting Building Materials for Reduced Impacts on Ecosystem Services: Ecosystem Services Analysis
    1. 1. Utilizing relationships between ecosystem services, built environments, and building materials
      1. Abstract
      2. 1.1 Introduction: reducing the environmental impact of built environments
      3. 1.2 Ecosystem services: definitions and boundaries
      4. 1.3 Relationships between ecosystem services
      5. 1.4 Defining ecosystem services for a built environment context: key places for change
      6. 1.5 Descriptions of ecosystem services most applicable to a built environment context
      7. 1.6 Conclusion: ecosystem services and the built environment. Moving towards a more positive relationship
      8. References
    2. 2. Ecosystem services analysis: Incorporating an understanding of ecosystem services into built environment design and materials selection
      1. Abstract
      2. 2.1 Introduction: a wider perspective on sustainability and the built environment
      3. 2.2 Ecosystem services analysis and whole building or urban design
      4. 2.3 Ecosystem services analysis and materials selection
      5. 2.4 Benefits and difficulties of applying the ecosystem services concept to built environment design and materials selection
      6. 2.5 Potential impacts on ecosystem services of common building materials
      7. 2.6 Conclusion: Materials selection and ecosystem services. A shift in thinking
      8. References
  10. Part II: Choosing Sustainable Materials
    1. 3. Building materials
      1. Abstract
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Materials that are grown
      4. 3.3 Materials that are extracted
      5. 3.4 Materials that are made
      6. 3.5 Conclusion
      7. References
    2. 4. Materials and buildings
      1. Abstract
      2. 4.1 Choosing materials
      3. 4.2 Designing to minimize building lifecycle impact
      4. 4.3 Caveat: building users
      5. 4.4 Choosing healthy and low-impact materials
      6. References
  11. Part III: Indoor Toxicity from Building Materials
    1. 5. A lack of recognition of potential health risks from building materials
      1. Abstract
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 The problem
      4. 5.3 Beyond the challenges: three stages of recognition of health risks
      5. 5.4 Conclusion
      6. References
    2. 6. Persisting issues with the most recognized building material health risks: Lead and asbestos
      1. Abstract
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Issues with lead
      4. 6.3 Issues with asbestos
      5. 6.4 Conclusion
      6. References
    3. 7. How substances get regulated against in the building industry: Formaldehyde, phthalate plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride/vinyl
      1. Abstract
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Overview of volatile organic compounds
      4. 7.3 Issues with formaldehyde
      5. 7.4 Issues with vinyl, polyvinyl chloride, and plasticizers
      6. 7.5 Conclusion
      7. References
    4. 8. New and less recognized risks with building materials: Volatile organic compounds, replacement chemicals, and nanoparticles
      1. Abstract
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 On-going suspicion—volatile organic compounds from carpets
      4. 8.3 Replacement and new substances
      5. 8.4 Discussion on Stage 1 and conclusion
      6. References
    5. 9. An overview of health hazards from materials: Application of principles
      1. Abstract
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Key commonalities in polymer sources
      4. 9.3 Plastics—more solid polymers
      5. 9.4 Disposal of plastics
      6. 9.5 Film-forming finishes: paints, varnishes, and oils
      7. 9.6 Biopolymers
      8. 9.7 Radon
      9. 9.8 Titanium dioxide (TiO2)
      10. 9.9 Linoleum—a natural composite
      11. 9.10 Timber
      12. 9.11 Conclusion
      13. References
  12. Part IV: Case Studies
    1. 10. Sustainability and the material aspect of traditional residential buildings in Serbia
      1. Abstract
      2. 10.1 Historical, cultural, and social context
      3. 10.2 Basic types of traditional rural and urban residential buildings
      4. 10.3 Environmental features of building materials and structures
      5. 10.4 Conclusion
      6. Acknowledgments
      7. References
    2. 11. Palm thatched building in Mexico
      1. Abstract
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Palm thatch building assessment
      4. 11.3 Conclusion
      5. References
    3. 12. The effect of global trade on the New Zealand house
      1. Abstract
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Background
      4. 12.3 Material selection and data sources
      5. 12.4 Discussion
      6. 12.5 Conclusion
      7. References
    4. 13. Thurgoona Campus: A living laboratory of healthy and sustainable materials
      1. Abstract
      2. 13.1 Context
      3. 13.2 The site
      4. 13.3 Buildings
      5. 13.4 Materials: evolving the detail
      6. 13.5 Conclusion: the issues are complex
      7. References
    5. 14. The Hockerton Housing Project: A case study of the use of concrete
      1. Abstract
      2. 14.1 Thermal mass in zero-heating houses
      3. 14.2 Thermal mass in the two projects
      4. 14.3 Thermal performance of the projects compared
      5. 14.4 Other considerations
      6. 14.5 Conclusions
      7. References
    6. 15. Lambie House: Deconstruction and eco-refurbishment
      1. Abstract
      2. 15.1 Introduction: a domestic eco-refurbishment
      3. 15.2 The builder and the clients: commitment to resource savings
      4. 15.3 Reusing windows and doors
      5. 15.4 Reusing the roof
      6. 15.5 Recovering existing fittings and fixtures
      7. 15.6 Materials: minimizing waste
      8. 15.7 Conclusions: intentions, attitudes, and realities
    7. 16. Meridian: New Zealand’s first Green Star-rated building
      1. Abstract
      2. 16.1 Introduction to New Zealand built environment sustainability
      3. 16.2 Project site and design brief
      4. 16.3 Materials selection
      5. 16.4 Waste minimization
      6. 16.5 Conclusion
      7. References
    8. 17. Sustainable and healthy building practice in Germany
      1. Abstract
      2. 17.1 Introduction
      3. 17.2 Sustainable and healthy construction in Germany
      4. 17.3 Example 1: A semidetached healthy residence
      5. 17.4 Example 2: Energy-efficient water residence
      6. 17.5 Conclusion
      7. References
    9. 18. The Bullitt Center: A “Living Building”
      1. Abstract
      2. 18.1 Introduction
      3. 18.2 Living Building Certification
      4. 18.3 Materials “Petal”
      5. 18.4 Forest Stewardship Council Project Certification
      6. 18.5 Material selection
      7. 18.6 Product transparency
      8. 18.7 Conclusion
      9. References
  13. Conclusion
  14. Index