Chapter 9Self-Assembly and Directed Assembly

Hejin Jiang, Yutao Sang, Li Zhang and Minghua Liu

The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, CAS Key Laboratory of Colloid Interface and Chemical Thermodynamics, Zhongguancun North First Street 2, Beijing, 100190, China

9.1 Introduction

The properties of materials are determined not only by their individual components but also by their assembly manner, and, thus, self-assembly becomes an important approach to the bottom-up fabrication of materials. Self-assembly is a process in which a disordered system of preexisting components forms an organized structure or pattern as a consequence of specific, local interactions among the components themselves, without external direction [1]. ...

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