How Microsoft’s Network Components Work with the OSI Model

Because the OSI model is so abstract, it can be hard to tell how its concepts relate to the actual network software and hardware you use in the real world. The following sections will make the link clearer. We will introduce you to some network protocols and show how they apply to the various layers of the OSI model.

Device Drivers and the OSI Model

Every hardware device in a computer requires a software-based device driver to make it work. Some drivers—for instance, the driver for an Integrated Device Electronics (IDE) hard disk or for the keyboard—are built into the operating system. Other devices require that drivers be installed separately when the device is attached or installed ...

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