In probability theory, the conditional expectation is the expected value of a random variable given some information represented by a σ-algebra. The conditional expectation defined on the basis of a σ-algebra is again a random variable satisfying certain properties. In this chapter, we present the definition of conditional expectations based on this approach.

14.1 Basic Concepts and Facts

Definition 14.1 (Conditional Expectation of a Random Variable Given a σ-Algebra). Let (Ω, , P) be a probability space, and X a random variable with E(|X|) < ∞. Let G be a sub-σ-algebra of . Then a version of the conditional expectation of X given G is defined to be a random variable Y (see Theorem 14.1) such that

(a) Y is G-measurable.
(b) E(|Y|) < ∞.
(c) For every G G, we have


The version of the conditional expectation of X given is written as Y = E(X|) a.s.

Definition ...

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