Symbols

This appendix contains the definitions of each symbol used in the text. English symbols are presented first. Those with special characters precede regular English symbols that are arranged in alphabetical order with upper-case letters before lower-case letters. Greek symbols are presented after the English symbols.

English Symbols with Special Characters

|

subject to the condition

union

intersection

〈 〉

expected value

±tv,SPx/N

precision interval of the true mean

±tv,SPyx

precision interval

[C]

concentration

ΔBx/Bx

relative systematic uncertainty

E[ ]

expected value

AC

alternating current

DC

direct current

emf

electromotive force

Em

magnetomotive force

F

Faraday’s constant

G

gravitational constant

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