Introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS)
V. Vitiello, K.-W. Kwok and G.-Z. Yang, The Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery, Imperial College London, UK
It is well recognised that the performance of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) imposes an increasing burden on surgeons’ manual dexterity and visuomotor control. Tissue deformation, restricted workspace, and a limited field-of-view make manual operation of the procedure difficult. With the advent of robot assisted MIS, manual dexterity is enhanced by microprocessor controlled mechanical wrists, allowing motion scaling and tremor removal. Further enhancement of three-dimensional (3D) vision and intra-operative image guidance permits improved clinical uptake ...