Introduction to the Intelligent Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) has evolved from an older concept of Machine to Machine communications composed of specialized networks of things sending and receiving data obtained from the environment without the necessity of human intervention. The “Internet of Things” (IoT) is a concept of everyday objects that have network connectivity and can send, receive, and analyze data. An “Intelligent Internet of Things” will send, receive, and analyze data as well as have the capability to act with an intervention resulting from the analysis. Individual specialized networks are expected to communicate their knowledge to other networks to improve the function of a web of networks extending over the span of human existence.

These networks are everywhere. In retail stores, early bar codes provided scanned knowledge of inventory, its price, and some recorded indication of its origin. Bar codes have been replaced in high end retail stores with RFID tags, which can provide information on the state of the merchandise. For example, temperature monitors on wine bottles can detect temperature and record information on the maximum temperature experienced. This information can be radioed from the tag to a nearby receiver, which can analyze the state of the inventory and make recommendations on pricing or returns. These can then be recorded on the original RFID tag.

There are other examples of intelligent networks of systems communicating with ...

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