The science of smog: a chemical understanding of ground level ozone and fine particulate matter

J.A. Geddes and J.G. Murphy,     University of Toronto, Canada


This chapter discusses the formation and fate of the chemical constituents in urban smog, whose effects on human health and the environment continue to be a problem in large cities around the world. Because smog production is mainly the result of chemical reactions in the atmosphere, controlling direct emissions of primary pollutants is only part of the solution. The main constituents of concern are ozone and fine particulate matter, whose chemistry can be non-linear and can lead to many uncertainties. The chemistry of smog formation is also strongly influenced by meteorology, ...

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