Chapter 25 Sustainability of Micro-Manufacturing Technologies

Arnaud De Grave, Stig Irving Olsen Hans Nørgaard Hansen Mogens Arentoft


The common view in the field of the environmental impact of micro-products is that small-size products involve the use of less material, require less production energy and produce less waste material, and hence are more environmentally friendly. This view is not fully valid and there are many benefits in applying tools for sustainability in micro-product development.

When looking at any technology, at least three different levels are of interest to consider in the complete product development scheme:

  • 1. The final product is defined as the product that is closest to the requirements of the end-user. ...

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