Ribbons, menus, and toolbars are three methods that programs can use to show users what commands are available in those programs.
The ribbon is a rectangular area that fits across the top of an application window. It was introduced as a component of the Microsoft Office Fluent user interface in Office 2007.
The ribbon is composed of several tabs, each of which represents a subset of program functionality. The tabs contain related commands that are organized, grouped, and labeled.
The ribbon has several elements. They are listed and described in the following table, using examples from Microsoft Word.