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Microsoft® SQL Server® 2008 Internals by Paul Randal Kalen Delaney Kimberly Tripp, and Conor Cunningham

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Managing Index Structures

SQL Server maintains your indexes automatically, in terms of making sure the correct rows are there. As you add new rows, it automatically inserts them into the correct position in a table with a clustered index, and it adds new leaf-level rows to your nonclustered indexes that point to the new data rows. When you remove rows, SQL Server automatically deletes the corresponding leaf-level rows from your nonclustered indexes.

So, although your indexes continue to contain all the correct index rows in the B-tree to help SQL Server find the rows you are looking for, you might still occasionally need to perform maintenance operations on your indexes, especially to deal with fragmentation in its various forms. In addition, several ...

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